The Reverse of Marketing=De-Marketing

Posted in Marketing & Strategy Articles, Total Reads: 10320 , Published on 02 February 2012
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“If you can’t say who your customers aren’t, most probably you can’t say who your customers are”

- Mary Frances Luce, a marketing professor at Duke University

De-marketing

De-marketing, the methods that have been used to reduce market demand for a particular item or product.  De-marketing usually involves the alterations of marketing mix variable to affect lesser demand when it is bigger than an organization can or able to tackle the situation.  Oftentimes, de-marketing methods involve raising prices, reducing advertising and promotion expenditures, or deleting product benefits.

Demarketing

Marketing Mix (4P) in De-marketing

4Ps of demarketing

Monte Carlo


IPCL

Strategic De-marketing Model
Let us take an example of a fmcg product like soap, the company like P&G wants to de-market it. What will be their strategy? Strategy is simple, just manipulating the 4P’S of marketing.

Strategic demarketing model

Explanation of the Strategic De-Marketing Model

Product

Restrict availability of that particular soap in the market, increase availability of soap-surrogate (e.g., body wash gel), and highlight product harm (product elaboration).

Z1-A-product elaboration negatively affects consumers' attitude toward the soap company on a temporary basis.

Z1-B-product elaboration positively affects consumers' intention to quit consuming the product on a temporary basis.

Z1-C-product elaboration negatively affects consumers' attitude toward soap product or any related product on a temporary basis.

Price

Increase taxes, Increase pricing of soap product by company to discourage them from buying (price elaboration).

Z2-A- Price elaboration does not affect consumers' attitude toward the soap company on a temporary basis.

Z2-B- Price elaboration positively affects consumers' intention to quit consuming the product on a temporary basis.

Z2-C- Price elaboration negatively affects consumers' attitude toward soap product or any related product on a temporary basis.

Place

Decrease consumption spaces, Decrease distribution space, Impede purchase of particular soap brand, no sales to minors (place elaboration).

Z3-A-Place elaboration does not affect consumers' attitude toward the soap company on a temporary basis.

Z3-B- Place elaboration positively affects consumers' intention to quit consuming the product on a temporary basis.

Z3-C- Place elaboration negatively affects consumers' attitude toward soap product or any related product on a temporary basis.

Promotion

Promote body wash gel using health themes, Decrease advertising space for particular soap product, Mandatory warning labels(promotion elaboration).

Z4-A-Promotion elaboration does not affect consumers' attitude toward the soap company on a temporary basis.

Z4-B- Promotion elaboration positively affects consumers' intention to quit consuming the product on a temporary basis.

Z4-C- Promotion elaboration negatively affects consumers' attitude toward soap product or any related product on a temporary basis.

Z5-Consumers' attitude toward the soap company will negatively affect their intention to quit all products of the company both within short term period (Z5-A) and within long term period (Z5-B).

Z6-Consumers' attitude toward consuming soap will negatively affect their intention to quit consuming soap both within temporary (Z6-A) and as well as permanently (Z6-B).

Z7-Consumers' attitude toward the tobacco soap company in short term period will positively relate to their attitude toward the soap company in long term period.

Z8- Consumers' attitude toward consuming soap in temporary period positively relates to their attitude toward consuming soap in long term period.

Z9- Consumers' intention to quit consuming the soap product in short term period positively relates to their intention to quit consuming the soap in long term period.

Systematic Approach Of De-Marketing Strategy

Strategic De-marketing Model

Demarketing Model

Demarketing Model

This article has been authored by Kunal Majumder from International Institute for Special Education, Lucknow.


Image: digitalart / FreeDigitalPhotos.net


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