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Definition: Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA)
The global markets faced a huge financial crisis in the year 2008 and it had to do a lot with the housing crisis in USA. The Housing and Economic Recovery Act was formed and implemented to address the growing subprime mortgage crisis of 2008.
Under this act the Federal Housing Administration is allowed to guarantee a new 30 year fixed rate mortgages for subprime borrowers for a sum to the tune of up to 300 billion USD. Ninety percent of the current appraised loan amount on principal loan will be required to be written down on the balances left.
The HERA act was brought to restore the faith of the general public in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. This act helped in allowing the net reconstruction of the subprime mortgages.
The subprime loans were managed with mortgage revenue bonds and hence it led to the creation of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA). This body was provided the authority to have conservatorship implemented on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
With the line of restructuring being credited for subprime mortgages, the housing sector in US slowly started to grow in terms of confidence as well as fresh infusion of capital from the home seekers. The bill was passed during the regime of George Bush being the president and signed on July 30, 2008.