U.S. Agency for International Development – USAID

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Definition: U.S. Agency for International Development – USAID

USAID is an independent government agency that provides assistance to other countries to help them recover from disaster, to overcome poverty and engage in democratic reforms. The types of assistance provided by USAID include disaster relief, poverty relief, socio economic development, environment, education training, health and humanitarian assistance.

USAID was established in 1961 by the then President John F. Kennedy. It was formed with a mission to eradicate extreme poverty and to promote resilient and democratic societies while advancing the political and economic interests of the United States. Headquartered in Washington D.C, USAID works in around 100 developing countries across Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Middle East, Latin America, and Europe. It partners with private voluntary organizations, foreign governments, international organizations etc. in order to implement programs that include transition initiatives, civilian response programs, conflict management, cooperative development and research (CDR) programs, water, gender equality and women’s empowerment.

In FY2016 the estimated budget of USAID is around $22.3 billion and the funding will be used in the below areas


Million $

Prevent Child Deaths


Food security and Reduce hunger


Climate Change


Democracy and Human Rights


Promote economic growth in Central America


Connect and Empower Africa


Science & Technology, Innovation


Rebalance Asia Pacific region


Assist victims of conflict, natural disaster, forced migration


Food Aid Reform


Support on-going operations


USAID has often been criticized for its programs have been used to achieve political goals in countries which are hostile towards US, for providing contracts to inefficient contractors at inflated costs, its money being used for religious activities and renouncing terrorism.


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