Labor Law

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Definition: Labor Law

Classical definition: Labour law/ labor law/ employment law is defined as the set of laws and administrative verdicts which defines the legal rights of workers/ laborers/ hired/ working people in relation to the companies they work in. It is basically a set of court verdicts or government laws relating to employed people and their companies, including trade and/ or employee unions, if any.

There are two broad categories of labor laws: Collective Labor Laws and Individual Labor Laws.

Collective labor law: These laws are associated with the relationship between the employee, the employer and the union. These relate to issues involving trade unions, pickets, strikes, workplace involvement and co-determination.

Individual labor law: These laws involve issues related with the workers' rights in the workplace, through a legal contract. These relate to issues involving contract of employment, minimum wage, working time, health and safety, anti-discrimination, unfair dismissal and child labor.

Labor laws first became standard during the Industrial Revolution.

Employment standards are basically collective norms for the minimum socially acceptable conditions which should be provided to workers to create a conducive work environment. Employment standards are covered under the labor law and can be enforced by judicial, legislative or regulatory rulings.


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