Internally money can be raised by selling off old and obsolete assets which are no longer of any use to the company. Some companies set aside a part of their earnings every year for future use. This is known as retained earnings and can be used to finance the business. The business can also raise additional cash levels by cutting down the stock levels.
External Sources of Funds:
Short term – Bank overdraft facility provided by banks to business customers enable them to meet their short term liabilities by overdrawing amounts to the extents allowed. Trade credits (extended bill payment dates) are provided by suppliers to customers based on the type of industry. Factoring of debts allows businesses instant access to cash by selling their bills receivable to a debt factoring company at a discounted price
Medium term – Hire purchase lets a business purchase an asset and pay for it in installments. Businesses can also lease buildings or machinery by making periodic rent payments without purchasing them. Medium term bank loans can be made for a period of 1 to 5 years.
Long term – Long term bank loans can be obtained for a period of time. Public limited companies can issue new shares and raise additional capital. A company can raise money from the public by issuing debentures. Debenture holders get a fixed rate of return and do not possess voting rights. Businesses can also sell some of their assets and then lease them for use and use the revenue earned for financing the business.