The term National Emergency Strike has been defined under the Taft-Hartley Act. Under this act the President of the United States of America has the power to classify a strike as a ‘national emergency strike’ and deem it to be illegal.
The President has the power to appoint a Board of Inquiry which is charged with making a report of the situation. From the findings and recommendations of this report, the President can demand a restraining order of 60 days from the Supreme Court. This injunction can be extended for 20 days if there is no resolution at the end of 60 days. During these 60 days, the striking employees are asked to participate in a secret ballot and the results of this ballot determine whether the employees are willing to comply with the employer’s offer.