Bonus is the extra payment which is received as a reward for doing one’s job well. It usually comes along with salary of the employee. It is the gesture of appreciation from the organization towards their employees. Bonus is given globally in most of the organization across different nations. It is not only given for the job well done but also to keep the employees motivated and focused. This is given during the festivals as well such as Diwali, Christmas, etc. The distribution of the bonus completely depends upon the policies of the organization. The amount of the bonus depends upon the profitability of the organization.
The reason of the payment of bonus is basically to bridge the gap between the ideal of a living wage and the wages paid.
In India the practice of paying bonus was first started during the World War 1 when few textile mills granted 10% of wages as the war bonus in 1917, under rule 81A of Defence of India Rules. On the 6th of December, 1960 the Government of India appointed a bonus commission which was later replaced by the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
For example 1, if an employee is working in an organization and has performed really good over the months. The organization wants to acknowledge the efforts of that employee , so they give him an amount in addition to his salary which is known as the bonus.
Example 2, If a worker is working in a plant, the production plant is running in good profits and it’s the Diwali time. They want to give their workers an additional amount along with the current wages to meet the upcoming extra expenses due to the Diwali festival which again is known as bonus.
- It keeps the employees motivated.
- Bridges the gap between the ideal of a living wage and the wages paid.
- The gesture shows that the organization values and acknowledges good work.
- It adds to the extra cost incurred by the organization.
- It decreases the profits.
- It increases the expectation of the workers for bonus on every accomplishment.