Jungian Personality Typology was given by Carl Jung, which talks about how human personalities are expressible in terms of extraversion or introversion, sensation or intuition, thinking or feeling. Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist. In his book “Psychological Types”, he identified 8 different personality patterns.
These were created by combining two opposite pairs of functions and a pair of attitude.
The pairs of functions are:
• Perceiving functions: Sensation and Intuition
These functions are related to information collection. They describe how an individual collect, understands and interprets an information.
Sensation: Those who rely on tangible and concrete data. Any information that is not based on facts are not considered to be of any importance by them. Gut feelings or hunches are not trusted by these individuals.
Intuition: These are those individuals who tend to trust abstract or theoretical data. They are more interested in possibilities and have huge faith on the hunches.
• Judging functions: Thinking and Feeling
These functions are related to decision making. They describe how an individual takes a decision based on the information gathered.
Thinking: Decisions are taken after reasoning. Data is logically pondered upon before arriving to any conclusion.
Feeling: Decisions are taken by empathising with the situation. The primary decision making factor is not logic but the situation’s demand and also the involved individuals.
The pair of attitudes are:
• Extraverted: Energy is derived from external sources
• Introverted: Energy is derived from one’s own self and internal world
These four functions can be can be assimilated with the attitudes to predict psychological types. They are as follows:
• Extraverted sensation
• Introverted sensation
• Extraverted intuition
• Introverted intuition
• Extraverted thinking
• Introverted thinking
• Extraverted feeling
• Introverted feeling
Outgoing and active focus on surroundings. Relies on logical data and experience
Reflective focus on cognitive experiences and on logical data and experience
Outgoing and active focus on the various unfamiliar prospects of the surroundings
Reflective focus on the images and contents of the surroundings
Outgoing and active focus on employing logical sense to the surroundings by creating sensible format and taking decisions based on them
Reflective focus on cognitive reasoning and understanding them by structuring the principles of a situation
Outgoing and active focus on providing meaning to the surroundings by pursuing unanimity to the surrounding. Open expression of values
Reflective focus on the surrounding. Seeking harmony by aligning individual action