Right to work laws can be simply understood as the law that restricts the employers and the labor unions from entering into contracts that recruits only the workers that are unionized, for the jobs in the contract. This enables the employees to avail the benefits of the union contract without having to pay the fees to the union. Usually, the state allows the workers to join the unions of their choice, but the employers cannot compel or force the workers to join any of the union as a term or condition of employment.
In the states where the right to work law does not exist, the workers covered by union contract can deny to join the union and then pays the fees for the workplace bargaining. The states which have the right to work laws include union contracts to cover all the workers and not just the ones that are its members. This law reduces the bargaining power of the labor unions, which eventually results in lesser wages and benefits to be offered. In United States of America, right to work law exists in 25 states which are mostly located in the southern and western part of the nation.
Advantages of the Right to work laws are as follows:-
1. An individual has complete freedom of deciding whether to associate or not to associate with any of the labor unions of the country.
2. Employees can join the labor unions in order to handle the negotiations with the employer.
3. Right to work law results in the more competitive wages and biddings.
4. States following the law has greater personal income growth rates than the states without the right to work.
5. States following the right to work laws employ a larger number of workers.
Disadvantages of the Right to work laws are as follows:-
1. Wages that are paid in states with right to work are lower than the states without it.
2. Injury rates are much higher in the states with right to work when compared with states without it.
3. States with right to work have lesser amount spent on the training and education of the workers.