Information Processing

Posted in Human Resource Terms, Total Reads: 252
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Definition: Information Processing

Information processing is a term associated with psychology, which means transformation in the information received by the brain into human detectable form. The complete process from receiving to recalling the stored information is called information processing. Information processing has stages i.e. attending, encoding, storing and retrieving information. Just like a computer, our brain receives, stores and recalling stored information later.


There are four stage of information processing and they are:

• Attending: This is the first stage of information processing. In this stage, the listener pays full attention to the person saying something. Here the listener is actually interested in listening to the person and prepares himself or herself to receive whatever that person is speaking.

• Encoding: Since the listener is paying full attention to whatever the person is saying therefore, he or she is completely receiving the content and encoding it in his or her on way to understand the content.

• Storing: Once the listener has encoded the content and understood it, he or she keeps it stored in some place in his or her brain which could be necessary later in his or her life.

• Retrieving: Whenever listener wants to recall the stored information he or she brings the information to the consciousness and tries to understand it again.


There are three stages of memory, and they are:

• Sensory memory: It is recalling of some memory when we get in contact with something through the senses. It takes fraction of seconds to recall such kind of memories. For example, you stay away from home and whenever you smell the chicken curry of your cook, you recall about your mother in kitchen preparing dishes for you.

• Short term memory: It is remembered for a short period of time. It does not involve anything much significant in your life. This is the reason why people tend to forget the names of people who are not so close to them. Other examples can be remembering a phone number, less used password etc.

• Long term memory: Such kind of memories are remembered for lifetime. It might be some special moments in your life or might be studies that you actually studied with complete mind into it. For example, you will always remember your first crush, your best friend, and your childhood days even at the age of 70.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Information Processing along with its overview.

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