Job enrichment is generally defined as the vertical expansion of a job. It implies increasing the motivation level of an employee by improving the scope of the job by increasing the responsibility, autonomy and control in execution of the job.
Job enrichment involves increasing the decision-making authority of the employee making the individual more involved with more meaningful tasks on the job challenging his/her skills. Job enrichment is also known as job enhancement.
Job enrichment helps not only in adding to the motivation of the employee but helps the organization achieve its objectives more efficiently in the long run by more effective utilization of its employees.