Occupational Safety and Hazards Administration (OSHA)

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Definition: Occupational Safety and Hazards Administration (OSHA)

The US Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act in 1970 to create the Occupational Safety and Hazards Administration (OSHA) which ensures that the employers take enough measures to maintain personal safety and security at the workplace.


The Human Resource department is made accountable in case of lawsuits filed under OSHA. Hence it is the responsibility of the HR managers to provide the workers proper training before sending them on the shop-floor. Also, it is must for the HR professionals to stay updated with latest information regarding the OSHA Act.


Occupational Safety and Hazards Administration is a federal agency that ensures safety and reduces health hazards of American workers. It conducts educational programmes and seminars for business owners to make them aware of importance of maintaining safety mechanisms. Besides, the agency offers free consultation to individual business owners on creating a safer work environment.

There are over 200 offices of OSHA in the US which employ a strong workforce of 2100 trained inspectors.


Certain industries have been exempted from the purview of OSHA Act. These industries are –

  1. Mining Industry
  2. Self-employed individuals
  3. Small farmers
  4. Domestic workers
  5. Flight Crews

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