Workplace bullying is characterized by persistent aggressive and/or repeated unreasonable and negative behavior directed at an employee that creates a risk to the employee’s health and safety.
Bullying or harassing behavior also includes spreading malicious rumors, unfair treatment, deliberately picking on someone, regularly undermining a competent worker, denying someone training or promotion opportunities or verbal, nonverbal, psychological, physical abuse and humiliation. In order to prevent being bullied or harassed at one’s workplace, employees may seek to handle the problem informally or talk to their manager, Human Resource department or trade union representative. Alternatively, they can make a formal complaint through the Employee Grievance Procedure at their organization.
Employers are responsible for preventing bullying and harassment at the workplace and are supposed to have anti-bullying and harassment policies to help prevent such problems. However, if the problem persists even after taking the above steps, the employee can make a legal complaint in accordance with the law of their country. Most nations have a law against harassment when the unwanted behavior is related to age, sex, disability, marriage and civil partnership, maternity, race, religion, belief and sexual orientation.