Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

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Definition: Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

Hypertext markup language (HTML) is the most widely used markup languages to create electronic documents on the World Wide Web. It was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist in 1990. The HTML consists of various elements which make text & images to be viewed on a browser.  These elements help in providing the web document a proper structure. With the help of these elements, the otherwise plain text & graphic is displayed on a web browser in a readable format.


The HTML elements are basically the tags & attributes. The tags are enclosed in angle brackets <>. These tags exist in pairs – a start tag & an end tag (eg: <b> Bold Text </b>). Between these two tags, the HTML content is written.


Attributes are written with the start tag which is used to specify values in single or double quotes. eg: <html lang=”en”> Content in English </html>


Since its development, various versions upto HTML5 has been created and used. The HTML has reformulated to form the XHTML (Extended Hypertext Markup Language) which is also being used.

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