Capability Maturity Model CMM

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Definition: Capability Maturity Model CMM

Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is a process development model that shows the degree of maturity of processes in an organization. It moves through five stages i.e. ad-hoc/initial, managed, defined, quantitatively managed and optimized.

It can be explained with the help of a pyramid structure. As we move up the pyramid, the formalization and optimization of the processes increase.

CMM Pyramid


  • Initial: The processes are not organized or consistent enough to be formalized, documented or made standardized or repeatable.

  • Repeatable: Basic project planning is performed for costing, scheduling and functionality. Success is more dependent on individual efforts.

  • Defined:  The processes are well defined and integrated with the business using a standard software process. Consistent practices and documentation help to reduce the learning curve for employees to move to new teams and projects.
  • Managed: Processes are not only defined but monitored and controlled for data collection and analysis. There is an attempt to understand the products and processes quantitatively.

  • Optimizing: Feedback is looped into process development to optimize the processes. It results in innovations that better serve the organization.


Hence, this concludes the definition of Capability Maturity Model CMM along with its overview.

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