Hofstede National Differences

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Definition: Hofstede National Differences

These are developed by Geert Hofstede to point out the difference in the dimensions of the cultures of various nations. These are categorized into five types:

Power Distance: It explains the  management and communication gap between the higher management and the lower level employes and the theory of enquality. If the power distance is high then there will be very little communication between them and employee won’t feel comfortable to interact with higher management and they will feel them selves less power full. A low power distance will give rise to a sense of equality among the people

Individualism/collectiveisim:  it explain the behaviour where people prefer working individually rather than in groups. They want more freedom in working and interference required is very less. A high individualism means that people feel comfortable in living alone and prefer very little connections. A low individuality means people love to work in group ans respect each other.

Masculinity/feminity: it refers to the mail dominance and where mail are the decision making authority. Basically it may be taken as gender bias or gender inequality. A society with high masculinity will treat man and women differently and with different job. A low masculinity means that the jobs are considers to equal for man and women with out any discrimination and they are treated equally

Uncertainty avoidance: it shows the comfortability of person when facing unknown situations. A person with high UA will be clear and acceptable for job. Peron with low UA will be less risk taking , and will  impose rules and regulation.

Long term orientation: it refers to company's response to general long term relations. A person with high LTO has sense of respect and extravagance. A person with LTO sticks with old rules and can be changed with the requirements.


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