Contract of Affreightment

Posted in Operations and Supply Chain Terms, Total Reads: 174

Definition: Contract of Affreightment

A contract of affreightment is a contract between a ship-owner and charterer i.e. person interested in hiring ship to carry its goods, in which the ship-owner agrees to carry goods for the charterer, or to give the charterer the access of the whole or part of the ship's cargo-carrying space to transfer goods for a specific journey or for a specific time. The charterer agrees to pay an agreed price, called freight, for services provided by ship owners.

Ship owner will be liable for payment whether or not the cargo is ready for shipment at time agreed. This contract addresses issues such as its crew, the routes, and other issues associated with vessel.

The main purpose of Contract of Affreightment is to put onus on carrier to transfer a certain amount of goods in certain time. Usually, contract talks in terms of journeys not limited to particular vessel. Price is decided based on quantity of goods with fines on carrier for delay.


Example- Iran is one of the major exporters of crude oil to India. Exporters in Iran can sign such contracts with shipping company. A fixed quantity of oil should reach Indian ports every month for next 2 years.



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