1) Full truckload carriers – They generally contract an entire truckload to a single customer.
2) Less than truckload carriers – They usually mix freight from several customers into a single trailer.
A major advantage which full truckload carriers enjoy over less than truckload carriers is that the cargo or the freight is never handled en route. Less than truckload carriers transport the shipment on several different trailers.
Full truckload carriers deliver their trailer to the person in charge of shipping who then loads the trailer with the freight for one particular destination. After loading the trailer, the driver collects all the required paperwork from the shipper like the Invoice, Bill of Lading, Customs documents, etc. and then leaves with the trailer.
In most cases, the driver will deliver the cargo to the consignee himself. Sometimes, the driver might transfer the trailer after travelling a certain distance to another driver who will then transport the freight for the remaining journey.
Full truckload carriers shipping times are generally constrained by the availability of the driver. As a thumb rule, Full Truckload Drivers can transport freight at a rate of 75 kilometres per hour on an average. The truck population in India has grown at a rate of 7.2% from 1950-51 to 1990-91.