Should India have a One Child Policy?

Posted in Group Discussion (GD) Topics with Answers, Total Reads: 2029

6 people are having a discussion on the topic (Akshay, Madhu, Rajesh, Rini, Sarvesh & Vamsi)

Category: General, Social, Political

Group Discussion Starts

Akshay: Good morning friends. Today we are here to discuss on the topic “should India have one child policy” One child policy was a policy introduced in 1979 to control population of China. China also claimed that it was successful in implementing the policy. India being the 2nd most populous country in the world should also adopt these methods to see growth rate in the economy. The china has seen the growth rate by implementing this policy.

Madhu: Yes, with the shortage of natural resources and considering the unemployment and poverty and increase in the pollution levels of our country, we should keep in mind that the population is the main culprit for the backward of economy of our country. By implementing one child policy we can see the increase in the growth rate.

Rajesh: In contrary to this, I would like to say that population may not be main reason for all these. Lack of abundant resources and Illiteracy might be the reasons. Carbon emissions and pollution levels are not measured with reference to the population. Rather, they are measured by the usage of carbon materials per user. For example, Carbon emissions are high in U.S when compared to the India, though the population is less in U.S when compared to India

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Rini: I agree with u Rajesh. One child policy is against human rights. In a democratic country like India it is not possible to apply this policy. Moreover, one child policy does not see any substantial results in the growth rate of economy. Indeed it may lead to decline in the future growth rate.

Sarvesh: It’s true Rini. Now the average age of person currently is 35 in china and is increasing and the younger generation population is completely decreasing. And the life expectancy is also increasing. Which implies in the future there will be older generation who are dependent on the fewer younger generation. This is because of implementing one child policy.

Vamsi: Yes, of course. In addition to this, I would like add the fertility rate of china has decreased tremendously to 1.5. Whereas fertility rate of India is 2.45 in 2015 when compared to its 4.68 in 1980. Without implementing any policies, only through awareness programs India was able to decrease the population to a certain extent.

Akshay: At this point, I would like to say that every parent thinks that they want to provide standard education to their children, sufficient food, shelter and proper health facilities. But in a country like India it is not possible to meet the minimum needs because of high population. The common man dreams are collapsed with the present scenario

Madhu: Yes indeed, it is also responsibility of government to provide minimum basic requirements to a citizen of their country. By decreasing population we will also become environmental friendly, all the resources will be abundant to the population. There will be a decrease in the pollution even. So, by implementing one child policy our economy can be improved.

Rajesh: But one should also consider the decrease in the human resources. Decrease in the human resources will completely narrow down the economic growth rate. There will be a decline in the labour market with decreasing consumer market.

Rini: It is true to the fact that there will be less labour to support population. And to be competitive in the economy, a country should have less average age. With the high average age it is critical for a country to sustain in the competitive economy.

Sarvesh: By implementing one child policy the balance between the sex ratio will be lost. There will be more men compared to female. Sex ratio is approximately 1.06 which represents there are more men than women. This may lead to trafficking, rape cases, theft and increase in crime case which is very dangerous.

Akshay: Over population can lead to overcrowding, this in-turn may result in the destruction of natural resources causing ecological imbalance with the increase of pollution. The only way to stop all this menace is to decrease the population. And also giving birth to more than 2 children will also deteriorate the health of woman.

Vamsi: Of course, overpopulation is dangerous. But under population will lead to disasters. Proper balance should be maintained in every aspect. One should not follow non-conventional methods like one child policy which are sudden and may not give fruitful results. To decrease the population one must follow traditional methods which are healthy and safe.

Rajesh: Yes, even the studies revealed that some of the children who are brought up alone are facing many psychological problems with the stress. The children who have siblings can share their opinions and feelings which they cannot share with their parents are mentally strong and healthy. And also there will be a problem of disruption of brother and sister relation with high sex ratio where men are dominant in number.

Rini: In accordance with this, with the decrease in the human resources there will be a burden of high tax rates which may lead to high inflation for the growth of country. High Inflation in-turn results in the decline of economic growth rate. Currently when compared to the annual growth rates India is  less compared to china, but with abundant human resources there is a high probability of high growth rate in future.


In a democratic country like India, where rulers are elected by the people they do not have the right to implement one child policy as a compulsory norm. It is possible for a country like china where Capitalism is followed. Even without implementing any such policies through awareness programs we can bring down the population growth rate. Now- a days where husband and wife are both educated in every family, they are not encouraging more than 2 children which is sustainable in our country. Coming to the pollution this can be decreased by implementing non-conventional methods using solar energy and wind energy.

Facts related to the topic

• In 2015, the US emitted 17 tonnes of CO2 per capita with the Total Fertility rate of 2.06 whereas the CO2 emissions of India estimated only 1.7 tonnes of per capita

• The average fertility rate in India is 2.45 and the average fertility rate in China is 1.56

• Population growth rate is 1.2 % for china and it is 2.3% for India from 1980.

• GDP of china is 7.7% annual growth rate, whereas for India it is 5% annual growth rate.