Posted in Group Discussion (GD) Topics with Answers, Total Reads: 323
(5 people are having a discussion on the topic Andy, Ben, Charles, Dave, Emma)
Category: Environment, Business
Group Discussion Starts
Ben: Hello guys. Before getting into the details of the nature of summit I would like to put forth some information of it. It was attended by nearly 200 nations and discussed regarding the control of global average temperature growth under 2 degrees centigrade.
Andy: To achieve it the rich countries are to facilitate the poor and middle economies to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions, which also known as ‘Differentiation’. It is to be updated every 5 years and the updating is to be more ambitious than the previous year.
Dave: The recent bilateral announcements of US, China and India’s goal of reduction of emissions by 33% by 2030 compared to the levels of 2005 are some of these IN DC’s announced.
Ben: I think these announcements are too ambitious to achieve and negate the purpose of the summit.
Charles: As my friend said, I think the Paris Agreement, a 12-page agreement, is a futile step towards saving the world from further degrading just as similar to Kyoto protocol where every nation was set some goals to achieve by which were not achieved.
Emma: Moreover this IN DC’s are going to be barriers for the growth of the developing nations, which need to safeguard their interests when it comes sustainability. A collective effort of both North and South blocks is needed to mitigate the risks of the environment degradation is necessary.
Andy: I would like to disagree on this, as there has been immense amount of research of alternative energy generation, solar power has become cheaper and more efficient and innovative schemes like carbon credit scheme could enable many nations to achieve the IN DC’s
Emma: It is like we are living in a room with limited resources if we are exploiting the nature in such a rapid way it will create a self led extinction event of human race. We can’t just thrust the whole onus of the environment over the developed nations. Even the developing and under developed nations should also enlighten their people about the negative effects of global warming and facilitate them to take initiatives in a manner that could help reducing GHG emissions.
Dave: The capping of the increase of the temperature below 2 degree centigrade almost requires every nation in the world to shift completely from fossil fuels to eco friendly ways of energy generation by 2050. This seems to me as an impossible dream under the present day free fall of oil prices. There must be some kind of enforcement mechanisms to the declared contributions to be achieved. Otherwise they will be non-binding statements that are never going to be fulfilled.
Ben: The Paris COP21 may be a step closer to better environment but its goal of safeguarding the mankind of the ill effects of global warming is a sure question that the world leaders need to ask themselves.
Emma: If we see the natural calamities that occur every year are the signs of extensive global warming. I think along with the ecology conservation mankind should consider the disaster management as one step further.
Andy: Even it is an ambitious deal that every country has entered into it needs to be achieved. As a just 1 degree rise of average temperature would raise the sea level to 1 meter high, which could have immense effect over small islands and coral reefs.
Charles: Just imagine the course that the earth goes if the average temperature is above 2 degree. There would be a significant effect on the agricultural seasons in many Asian countries.
Ben: I think it’s a sure shot no for the Paris COP21 to be a step closer to better environment. And more effort needs to be put for a better environment. May be alliances like Solar Alliance that was initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President François Hollande could push countries that are part of the alliance towards a better effort of GHG reduction.
It is impossible for the countries to achieve such an ambitious goals set, which could result into another failure such as Kyoto. This failure could lead to rise of global average temperature that could have ill effects on agriculture, marine beings and smaller islands. This further degrades the environment that is stuck in a never-ending loop. This democratic way of setting limits should stop and more stringent ways should be coming into picture as our race is on the brink of collapse.
Facts related to the topics
• Paris COP21 was attended by nearly 195 nations.
• India’s goal of reduction of emissions by 33% by 2030 compared to the levels of 2005 is the IN DC announced.
• Nationally Determined Contributions to be reported every 5 years after 2020. As the principle of progression each contribution must be more ambitious than the previous one.
• The resultant decision at Paris COP21 is a differentiated approach between North and South blocks while fixing INDC’s and supporting poor countries which have losses and damage because of global warming (liability & compensation)
• The increment in average temperature of the earth is targeted to be less than 2 degree Celsius by the end of the century.
• The conference was budgeted to cost €170m
• 600,000 took part in demonstrations in favour of a strong agreement