Mumbai Metro – Changing the way Mumbai Travels

Published by MBA Skool Team, Published on August 08, 2014

Mumbai, India, is one of the biggest global metropolitan with over 20 million people living in this buzzing city. The city boasts for being the financial capital, a playground for businessmen, the political power house of the state, the heart of Bollywood, a party hub for the youth and much more. With tall sky scrapers above the clouds and houses, restaurants, offices etc at every corner, Mumbai is as much a cultural delight as it is a nightmare. In between, Mumbai’s suburban railway system< BEST buses, the famous yellow-black cabs and the auto-rickshaws, connect the city. However, despite all the available transportation system, Mumbai still sweats every day. But a new lease of life would completely change the way Mumbai travelled and that is through the “Mumbai Metro”.

The Mumbai Metro is a state-of-the-art engineering marvel, which would transform the way the city-dwellers travel from one corner of the city to the other. Elevated above the ground away from the traffic jams, giving a clear view of the skyline, in the comfort of AC coaches, the Mumbai Metro will add life to the life the citizens of Mumbai. If the local trains are considered as the life-line of the city, the Metro will easily be pulse of this vast metropolitan.



MMRDA, Reliance, Leolia Transport

Metro Line1

Ghatkopar – Andheri – Versova


11.4km completely elevated through 12 stations

Cost (Estimated)

Rs.4300+ cr (US $720mn)

Traffic (Estimated)

1.5 million passengers daily

Travel Time

Reduced from 90 minutes to 21 minutes skipping 45 traffic signals


To provide a safe, convenient, cheap and technologically advanced public transport system to the citizens of Mumbai


Mumbai is a huge metropolitan with millions of people travelling everyday from every corner to their office, college, school and for every other purpose. The current public transport system like the local suburban trains, local buses, taxis, auto-rickshaws and private vehicles were completely choking the city. Also, the east-west divide was a big hassle for commuters because of the lack of good connectivity through roads. Hence, the idea of an elevated metro line appeared as the ideal situation.


The biggest challenges faced by the authorities was to construct an elevated corridor for the metro rail system keeping in mind the following:

  • Geography of Mumbai
  • Limited space available
  • Safety & security of the densely populated areas
  • Financial constraints
  • Everyday snarling traffic

As easy as they appear, months of research and study and planning, hours of discussions and debates and arguments, and again going back to the drawing board for the final plan, took a lot of efforts from the engineers, authorities and the government.


Mumbai Metro was to be constructed in areas which are choc-o-blocked with traffic, congested with residential apartments, surrounded by thousands slums and narrow streets.

Stage1: Laying the foundation

In the initial stage after finalizing the plan, the authorities started the basic construction work of digging across the corridor where the girders would be placed, and strengthening the nearby areas and securing the localities.

Stage2: Placing the girders

After the groundwork, girders or columns were placed on which the elevated platform would be built. Depending upon the area and locality, each girder was customized which would cut-across from east to west with its height above the residential apartments, over the existing suburban railway tracks and even over the Western Expressway highway.

Stage 3: Elevated Platform

Once all the girders were in place and checked for their sturdiness and durability, the foundation for laying down of the tracks was conducted. Due to immensely populated areas and everyday 16 hour road & rail traffic, sometimes work was carried out for only 4 hours a day. And all this keeping aside the hot summers, humid weather and ravaging rains.

The elevated corridor over the Western Expressway is a state-of-the-art cable-wire bridge over the highway and flyover, which has proven one of the finest engineering works, considering the limited space, time and resources to execute the design.


The trains and coaches imported from China are technologically advanced and have the highest safety measures according to global norms. Once the metro trains were introduced, thorough testing was done at every stage.

Testing of Metro Trains:

An end-to-end testing was carried out for the metro trains across the entire elevated track. The metro trains were tested to have the following:

  • Optimum speed
  • Emergency brakes
  • Evacuation measures during emergencies
  • Plans against natural disasters or terror activities
  • Passenger safety

Training of Metro Pilots:

Metro train pilots have been trained at the best institutes theoretically and practically, and have hundreds of hours of practice under the supervision of experienced global pilots. Every pilot has been trained on “Simulators” giving a life like experience and rough situations, along with being trained on actual trains.


The centralized control room provides all real-time information about the metros at different places on the track. It also gives information about the power being given to the entire transport network. All stations, coaches are completely monitored real-time with CCTV’s round the clock. Also, in case of any emergencies, back-up control rooms have been erected, which can be utilized to control the entire network.


No matter what the objective, the prime concern for the government, authorities and the engineering team was to ensure the complete safety of the passengers, along with their comfort

  • AC Coaches with special facilities for elderly, physically challenged and ladies
  • CCTVs and real time monitoring at every station and metro coaches
  • Evacuation Corridor with safety railings between tracks for emergencies so that passengers can come out in the open outside the trains safely
  • Equipment for blind and physically challenged
  • Multiple ticketing windows and automatic ticketing machines
  • Customer care, Lost & Found centres
  • Escalators and well-lit corridors
  • Provision for toilets, medical emergencies, police patrol, food-joints, drinking water etc

A country always progresses with the prosperity of the people of that country. One of the ways is always to provide much better infrastructure and to ease out the daily needs of the people. And for Mumbai, the metro will be a spectacle which would completely “Change the Way Mumbai Travels”!

Images have been taken from the Official Mumbai Metro video released

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