India Census 2011: The Mega-Process

Published by MBA Skool Team, Published on February 09, 2011

India. A nation with a population on 1.2 billion. The world' largest democracy. People follow religions like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism. People have occupations from being a farmer to an engineer, from being a sportsman to being a businessman, from being a laborer to being to politician. All this shows the huge diversity which all comes together and in a single voice known as India. But having the information about your citizens is a Governments duty and responsibility. And this is where one of the biggest administrative process of the world takes place in India- Census.


Census is the process where every decade collection of data across India takes place covering parameters like demographics, age, gender, education, occupation, family members etc. This is required for the government to keep a check on the demographics of India, compare the trends and growth from the previous decade, and be prepared for future planning. In the year 2011, it would be the 15th census of India. The 2011 census would also cover caste as one of the parameters, and would also collect information about mobile phones, water accessibility, bank accounts, computer and internet accessibility. Also, as a part of the NPR (National Population register), biometric finger print scans and photographs would also be taken as a part of data collection. The Union Budget 2011 set the budget for NPR has also been allocated at about Rs.3500 crore.

The process of data collection across the length and breadth of India is a huge task and takes months for completion. A total of 25 lakh officials would be responsible for collecting household to household information. The administrative process is lengthy and exhaustive. Data would be collected from every household across India. In the next step, data would be printed out and displayed at prominent places within the village and ward for the public to see. Objections will be sought and registered at this stage. Each of these objections will then be enquired into by the local Revenue Department Officer and a proper disposal given in writing.

All this information would then be sent to data collection centres across 15 cities. The data would then be processed using ICR (Intelligent Character Recognition) and then would be available for analysis. The entire operational process of Census 2011 would cover all the 640 districts, 5767 tehsils, 7742 town and over 6 lakh villages. A process on such a massive scale requires a high degree of coordination, administration and efficiency not only for a smooth process but also for avoiding any ambiguity. The total allocated budget for the Census 2011 is approximately Rs.2200 crore.

Census has also appointed Sachin Tendulkar, Priyanka Chopra and other celebrities as brand ambassadors to promote the importance of Census 2011. The Census would also be using social networking sites like facebook and twitter for making people awareness of the census operations.

India is known as a land of unity and diversity. Languages, religions, cultures alongwith climate, terrain may be different, but still binds India with a uniting force. And the only way the mysteries of India can be collected at one place is through a titanic process of Census.

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