Business Valuation

Posted in Finance, Accounting and Economics Terms, Total Reads: 1972

Definition: Business Valuation

Business valuation is a procedure of estimating the economic market value of a business using a defined set of methods. Business valuation may be done to find out fair value of the business for a variety of reasons, including, but not restricted to sale, partnerships, mergers and alliances.

Some of the commonly used methods in business valuation are:

  • Discounted Cash Flow Method
  • Market Value Method
  • Asset Accumulation or Sum of Assets method
  • Price earnings Multiples Method


Example: Case Study of Jet Airways and Etihad Airways

After FDI in aviation increased to 49% in India, Etihad Airways, a Gulf carrier, decided to invest in Jet Airways. So for this purpose, valuation of Jet Airways had to be done, in order to determine the economic value and to finalize the deal amount Etihad would pay to buy a stake in the company. It was reported that Jet had valued its business at a huge premium as per Etihad’s valuation, and Etihad therefore did not wish to pay the amount.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Business Valuation along with its overview.

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