Jungian Personality Typology

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Definition: Jungian Personality Typology

Jungian Personality Typology was given by Carl Jung, which talks about how human personalities are expressible in terms of extraversion or introversion, sensation or intuition, thinking or feeling. Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist. In his book “Psychological Types”, he identified 8 different "Jung" personality patterns.


Jung personality tests are often used to conduct a psychological test of employees or potential employees, and helps evaluate their personality. This is important as apart from the skills, it is important to understand how an employee or individual will perform or react when under pressure.


Jungian Personality Functions

Jungian personality were created by combining two opposite pairs of functions and a pair of attitude.

The pairs of functions are:

• Perceiving functions: Sensation and Intuition

These functions in the Jung personality test are related to information collection. They describe how an individual collect, understands and interprets an information.

Sensation: Those who rely on tangible and concrete data. Any information that is not based on facts are not considered to be of any importance by them. Gut feelings or hunches are not trusted by these individuals.

Intuition: These are those individuals who tend to trust abstract or theoretical data. They are more interested in possibilities and have huge faith on the hunches.


• Judging functions: Thinking and Feeling

These functions by Jung are related to decision making. They describe how an individual takes a decision based on the information gathered.

Thinking: Decisions are taken after reasoning. Data is logically pondered upon before arriving to any conclusion.

Feeling: Decisions are taken by empathising with the situation. The primary decision making factor is not logic but the situation’s demand and also the involved individuals.


The pair of attitudes are:

• Extraverted: Energy is derived from external sources

• Introverted: Energy is derived from one’s own self and internal world


8 Jung Personality Types

These four Jungian personality functions can be can be assimilated with the attitudes to predict psychological types. The 8 Jung personality types are as follows:

• Extraverted sensation

• Introverted sensation

• Extraverted intuition

• Introverted intuition

• Extraverted thinking

• Introverted thinking

• Extraverted feeling

• Introverted feeling



Function-Attitude

Definition

Extraverted Sensation

Outgoing and active focus on surroundings. Relies on logical data and experience

Introverted Sensation

Reflective focus on cognitive experiences and on logical data and experience

Extraverted Intuition

Outgoing and active focus on the various unfamiliar prospects of the surroundings

Introverted Intuition

Reflective focus on the images and contents of the surroundings

Extraverted Thinking

Outgoing and active focus on employing logical sense to the surroundings by creating sensible format and taking decisions based on them

Introverted Thinking

Reflective focus on cognitive reasoning and understanding them by structuring the principles of a situation

Extraverted Feeling

Outgoing and active focus on providing meaning to the surroundings by pursuing unanimity to the surrounding. Open expression of values

Introverted Feeling

Reflective focus on the surrounding. Seeking harmony by aligning individual action

The above table highlights the Jungian personality types & their individual definition and personality trait.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Jungian Personality Typology along with its overview.

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