Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

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Definition: Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

Hypertext markup language (HTML) is the most widely used markup languages to create electronic documents on the World Wide Web. It was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist in 1990. The HTML consists of various elements which make text & images to be viewed on a browser.  These elements help in providing the web document a proper structure. With the help of these elements, the otherwise plain text & graphic is displayed on a web browser in a readable format.


The HTML elements are basically the tags & attributes. The tags are enclosed in angle brackets <>. These tags exist in pairs – a start tag & an end tag (eg: <b> Bold Text </b>). Between these two tags, the HTML content is written.


Attributes are written with the start tag which is used to specify values in single or double quotes. eg: <html lang=”en”> Content in English </html>


Since its development, various versions upto HTML5 has been created and used. The HTML has reformulated to form the XHTML (Extended Hypertext Markup Language) which is also being used.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) along with its overview.


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