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Definition: Planography

Planography is a type of printing technique. In traditional printing process a raised surface or an incised surface will be pressed against the print material. This way the incised or raised surface gets printed on the material. In planography printing process, the surface will be flat as opposed to relief (raised surface) and intaglio (incised surface) .

The planography process works on the property that water will not mix with oil. Lithography and offset lithography are types of planography process. In these methods the print or image is created by applying a greasy substance over the printing material.

Certain parts on the printing material are made to absorb and some parts are made to be receptive to the ink thus an image will be printed using a flat printing surface.


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