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Definition: Synchronization

Synchronization is the process of co-ordination of events to operate a system in unison. Systems in which all the parts are operation in unison or synchrony are said to be synchronous or in sync. 

In today’s modern world, synchronization is possible on a global scale using GPS-enabled timekeeping systems. Similar independent systems are currently operational in the European Union and Russia.

Synchronization is very important in the transportation sector. Time keeping as well as the synchronization of clocks was a very critical problem in long distance navigation by sea. Accurate time in conjunction with astronomical observations would be necessary to determine how much and in which direction a vessel has travelled.

Synchronization was important in railway operations in the nineteenth century. Trains running between different time zone shad their clocks synchronized to a standard railroad time. Sharing of single railroad tracks was controlled by the standard railroad timetable.

Process synchronization refers to the joining up of multiple processes. The three classic problems of synchronization are:

1) The Producer-Consumer Problem

2) The Readers-Writers Problem

3) The Dining Philosopher’s Problem


Hence, this concludes the definition of Synchronization along with its overview.


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