Apprenticeship is a process of teaching a trade to young practitioners. It comprises mostly of on-the-job training accompanied by some amount of the conventional reading and classroom study. Ideal duration of the training is 3-6 years. The origin of apprenticeship can be traced back to the middle ages when master craftsmen employed young people as what can be termed as assistants who worked as labors and in exchange provide them with food, lodging and formal training of the craft. At a later period of time, the governments stepped in to regulate and license vocational training institutes and made the process formal and legal.
The Apprentices Act in India was enacted in 1961 and implemented in 1962. This act regulates apprenticeship training by standardizing the syllabus, training period etc. of the program. The terms are controlled by the Central Apprenticeship Council. In 1973, the act was amended to include trainings of diploma and graduate engineers as “Technician” and “Graduate” Apprenticeship. In 1986 further amendment was made to make 10+2 vocational stream as “Technical(Vocational)” Apprentice.
Importance of Apprenticeship for Trainees:
Apprenticeship programs are valued among employees not only as an educational or training process but also as gateways to the professional world as it prepares them with the industry knowledge and other essentials. Some benefits of the program for the trainees can be listed as:
• Specialized learning
• On-the-job experience
• First hand industry experience
• Greater exposure
• Earning during training
• Better relationship building with employer
Importance of Apprenticeship for Employers:
In the current market employers are not only looking for a highly qualified workforce but a workforce with quality and experience in relevant domains. Apprenticeships helps them to fill up this gap. Some benefits of the program for the employers can be listed as below:
• Ability to understand the worker better before the formal hiring process
• Provide specializes training as per the organizations requirement