Autonomy also referred to Job Autonomy is the extent to which a company is willing to give powers, flexibility and freedom to an employee usually more than what he/she was informed while joining.
Many companies these days give freedom to employees in term of flexible work hours, work from home, BYOD etc. These are all part of job autonomy. The company trusts the employees to this extent that they give certain flexibilities.
Companies also reward employees who go beyond their defined role and perform better.
Following are the ways in which autonomy is provided in an organization