A just organization is equitable, fair, impartial and unbiased. Organizational justice can be defined in two ways, one of them being Distributive Justice and the other is Procedural Justice (fairness of the process).
Distributive Justice refers to equitable distribution of benefits and burdens. These benefits and burdens could be in the form of income, power, wealth, education, religious activities and other economic, social or organization variable. This leads to an important question that, what exactly constitutes the fair and equitable distribution? Globally, it is one of the major concerns and people are still fighting over equitable distribution of resources. Problem is still to be dealt with on a global and larger scale.
In management, it is concerned with the results. It focuses on the fairness in the result of a decision and assumes that there is a large amount of fairness in the organization/society. Employees expect a fair and unbiased decision, attitude and pay for each of the employees from the employer. They believe that there should be an equal distribution of resources among all the people working in the organization.
Example: Does the company follow a fair appraisal policy?
Did I get an equitable pay as compare to others working in the same organization as well as people working in the same industry? Is everybody getting an equal chance or opportunity in the organization?
Principles of distributive justice:
• Nature of the recipient: Individual persons, group of persons, divisions, organization etc.
• Basis of distribution: Equality, according to individual, priority, maximization etc.