Price Segmentation can happen in the following ways:
Seasonal Pricing: Hotel rooms cost more during peak seasons and holidays than the normal days.
Product/ Service characteristics: In trains, the cost of a reservation in the Sleeper Non-A/c compartment is lower than that of a First Class A/C compartment.
Geographical Locations: In areas or regions where the customers are less price sensitive, the prices of products are higher and vice versa.
Based on perceived value and customer segments
Discounts are given for large/bulk orders. Also offering a product package or a bundle could reduce the cost. For example, a standardised Chinese meal combo could have a soup, starter, rice and noodles for say Rs.150. But, individual items on the menu, on ala carte could be priced differently.
Segmentation must be done keeping in mind the cost parameters. Further, the perceived value of the product must be constantly assessed and it must be ensured that the image of the brand doesn’t get degraded at any stage due to this activity.