Posted in Operations and Supply Chain Terms, Total Reads: 1221

Definition: Hub

In supply chain management, Hub refers to a central warehouse that’s used to cater various destinations that may be customers, stores or other smaller warehouses. It’s an important part of supply chain strategy and used to optimize the overall transportation costs. Hubs are generally placed at the places that are near to customers.

A production unit may not be near to its customers. In such cases, bigger warehouses are made near the customers in order to serve them at minimum cost and shorter lead time. The various benefits of the Hubs are as follows:

• Optimization of transportation cost

• Shorter lead time

• Enables implementation of Just in Time Delivery

• Reduction of in-plant inventory and allows level production

In Hubs, goods can be stored in orderly fashion and labeling or documentation can be easily performed. It enables use of modern technologies like RFID etc and reduces the possibility of rank A and B errors. It can also be used to maximize cross docking i.e. direct delivery to stores or customers and minimize costs.

The distribution strategy through hubs can be understood using diagram below:


Distribution system using Hub



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