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Definition: JSA (Job Safety Analysis)
It is a method which is used to identify and control work related hazards. The main aim of JSA is to prevent personnel injury to high risk jobs and also to create awareness among workers about the possible hazards in the work and ways to prevent it.
Any job that has a likelihood of hazards or potential hazards need to be analysed for Job safety. The objective of JSA is to recommend safe practices to workers and minimize lost man hours as far as possible. A JSA should clearly mention what actions are required to be taken to eliminate and control hazards that can lead to accidents, injury or illness. All of the workers and supervisors must be involved in writing a JSA as they would be the ones who would be performing the task.
Another inherent aim of JSA is to promote teamwork and keep yourself and your co-workers safe for a healthy working environment.
The 4 basic steps that are used for writing a JSA are:
• Selecting the job to be analyzed
• Breaking the job down into a sequence of steps
• Identifying potential hazards
• Determining preventive measures to overcome these hazards
The main advantages of carrying out a JSA are:
1) Raises safety and health awareness
2) Acceptance and adherence to safe work procedures
3) Increases communication between workers and supervisors
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