Process Bottleneck

Posted in Operations and Supply Chain Terms, Total Reads: 1666

Definition: Process Bottleneck

A bottleneck is an occurrence where the performance or capacity of a complete system is subjected by a solitary or limited number of machinery or resources. The term bottleneck is engaged from the 'assets are water' figure of speech.

As water is poured out of a jug or a bottle, the rate of outflow is restricted by the width of the channel of outlet—that is, bottleneck. By escalating the width of the bottleneck one will be able to amplify the rate at which the water flows out of the neckline at diverse frequencies. Such restrictive components of a arrangement are from time to time called as bottleneck points.


A bottleneck in project management is one procedure in a sequence of processes, such that its partial capacity reduces the capability of the whole sequence.

Related concepts in scheme management are:

  • Critical path method
  • Theory of Constraints

And an example is the deficient/lack of smelter and refinery supply which might cause bottlenecks upstream.


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