1. Business Concepts
  2. Marketing and Strategy
  3. Effective Frequency

Effective Frequency

This article covers meaning & overview of Effective Frequency from marketing perspective

Published by MBA Skool Team in Marketing and Strategy Terms Last Updated: October 06, 2023Read time:

What is Effective Frequency?

Effective frequency is a media planning concept. It is the number of times a person should be exposed to any advertisement message by the advertising vehicle before he takes a response or the point of diminishing returns since the cost of media planning has to be minimized. The frequency of exposure should be sufficient enough to communicate the message to the customers.

The theory of advertising by Krugman states that any customer should be exposed to an advertisement at least three times within its purchasing cycle.

• The first time when the customer is attracted to your advertisement is a time when nothing really happens. He simply asks a question “What is it?”

• The second time when the customer tries to link with the relevance of the advertisement, he asks another question “So what?”

• The third time consumer takes a decision by answering the question “Is this the time for me?” This results in either the purchase or no purchase.

A number of factors drive this advertising frequency, like what is the brand image, what is its brand equity, how well the customers relate to the brand, what is the category of the target audience, how complex the message is, what is the product category, what is the status of the market, cost structure, etc.

The above graph shows a trend of effective reach. Effective reach is nothing but the number of customers a brand is able to effectively poke.

Average frequency = Total exposure to all the customers / Reach

The objective of frequency is to promote interest and repetitive purchase. But the recall of product with time declines as shown in the figure below.


High frequency is required when: -

• Message is complex.

• Too many competitors.

• Points of differentiation are very few.

• When there is a time restriction which a sales target is to be achieved.


Hence, this concludes the definition of Effective Frequency along with its overview.

This article has been researched & authored by the Business Concepts Team which comprises of MBA students, management professionals, and industry experts. It has been reviewed & published by the MBA Skool Team. The content on MBA Skool has been created for educational & academic purpose only.

Browse the definition and meaning of more similar terms. The Management Dictionary covers over 1800 business concepts from 5 categories.

Continue Reading:

Share this Page on:
Facebook ShareTweetShare on Linkedin