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Definition: Branding

Branding is a process of creating a unique image or name or logo or symbol or combination of any of these for a specific product in consumer’s mind which differentiates it from competitor’s products. It is the perceived emotional image of a company and is effective way for communication between two parties-buyers and sellers. Branding is a bit complicated and represents the corporate image.

The following pyramid represents the sequential series of steps in branding, each contingent upon successfully accomplishing the preceding one:

Types of Branding 

Corporate branding: This type of branding involves using company’s name as product brand name. Here, several products of the company are marketed under the single brand name and such practice is referred as family branding or umbrella branding.

Personal Branding: In this type of branding, individuals and their careers are considered as brands. Athletes, musicians, political leaders etc. promote the products under their name.

Ingredient Branding: This type of branding involves branding a component of certain product in order to project high performance and quality of that particular component.

Community Branding: Here, a company looks for taking care of an entire community by helping the needy, supporting the elderly, contributing to public education, or providing emergency relief and jobs for the unemployed. Thus company keeps a promise in the community that it will take care of them and stands as beneficiary.

Rebranding: This type of branding involves designing new symbol or logo or sort of, to already existing brand in order to create a differentiation among the customers. Aimed at repositioning the brand or company’s name, it is applied to new products or products still under development.

Co-Branding: In this type of branding, two or more brands of different products are promoted at a time. This can give consumer a choice of one-stop shopping of his/her favorite brands.

Cultural Branding:This type of branding involves making promises to workers about improvement in their work environment and relationships with higher management officials.

Example: Consider Apple Company. As a well-known brand, Apple projects a humanistic corporate culture and a strong corporate ethic that supports for good causes. These values are evident from their innovative products and best customer service. An emotional attachment between customer and company do exist which boosts up its brand value.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Branding along with its overview.


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