Aggregate Planning - Meaning & Definition

Published by MBA Skool Team, Last Updated: April 15, 2015

What is Aggregate Planning?

Aggregate Planning is an immediate (annual) planning method used to determine the necessary resource capacity a firm will need in order to meet its expected demand. Aggregate planning generally includes combination of planned output, employment, sourcing, sub-contracting etc that can be planned for a period of 9-12 month. The goal of aggregate planning is to match 'demand' and 'supply' in the aggregate using mentioned combination in a cost effective manner.

Supply chains are easier to manage when demand is stationary. But when demand is seasonal, we face tradeoffs. Aggregate planning uses following 2 basic strategies or combination of both to deal with seasonal demand:

1. Level output: It's a fixed output scheme where demand variability is met by inventory, subcontracting, overtime, cross-training etc.

2. Chase demand: It's a make to order scheme where production rate is changed to meet demand.


Suppose you are a car manufacturer. In aggregate planning, you don't differentiate a car based on model, color etc. but you decide aggregate units of cars that can be produced. Everything like capacity, time periods, work-force etc is taken in aggregate. It gives flexibility to change plan in case of variation from expected demand.


This article has been researched & authored by the Business Concepts Team. It has been reviewed & published by the MBA Skool Team. The content on MBA Skool has been created for educational & academic purpose only.

Browse the definition and meaning of more similar terms. The Management Dictionary covers over 2000 business concepts from 5 categories.

Continue Reading:

Share this Page on:
Facebook ShareTweetShare on Linkedin