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Definition: Routing

It is a process of guiding the transfer of data from its source to its destination in a most efficient route. It takes help of a dedicated device called as a router to distinguish the shortest and least congested route for data transfer.

Routing is an important feature of the internet as it helps to send our message from one computer to another and finally delivering it to its right destination. Each intermediary computer performs an equally important task of routing the message to the next computer in its path.

Eg: Below diagram shows a network of computers connected together. Now A wants to transmit a message to K. To do this a routing table is formed and the best and shortest route is selected for the transfer. If A-D-F-G-H-J-K is the selected route then the message would travel from all the intermediary computers and reach its destination of k.


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