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Marginal Functions

This article covers meaning & overview of Marginal Functions from HRM perspective

Published by MBA Skool Team in Human Resources Terms Last Updated: April 29, 2023Read time:

What is Marginal Functions?

Typically in contrast to Essential Functions, the term refers to those functions constituting or part of a job that are accessorial, extra, incidental, nonessential and/or peripheral, whereas Essential Functions are those that are critical, crucial, fundamental, primary, indispensable and integral.


Apart from being necessary in job descriptions generally, the distinction is especially pertinent to the Americans with Disabilities Act which lays down decision-making to be along the lines of the distinction. Marginal functions are ‘marginal’ only with respect to the job it is said to be marginal to, not marginal per se.


For instance, for a job that requires operating a machine, any task related to the aesthetic upkeep of the machine is a marginal function.


Both essential functions as well as marginal functions are a part of a job description. 


A few factors to consider when determining a function as essential or marginal:

1. Tasks within the job

2. Affect of functions on other employees and their jobs

3. Significance of the functions


This article has been researched & authored by the Business Concepts Team which comprises of MBA students, management professionals, and industry experts. It has been reviewed & published by the MBA Skool Team. The content on MBA Skool has been created for educational & academic purpose only.

Browse the definition and meaning of more similar terms. The Management Dictionary covers over 1800 business concepts from 5 categories.

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