Bonus Definition, Importance, Example, Types, Components & Overview

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Definition: Bonus

Bonus is the extra payment or financial component which is received as a reward for doing one’s job well. Bonus usually comes along with salary of the employee. It is the gesture of appreciation from the organization towards their employees. Bonus is given globally in most of the organization across different nations. It is not only given for the job well done but also to keep the employees motivated and focused. This is either given during the festivals as well such as Diwali, Christmas, etc or is part of the salary structure of the employee. The distribution of the bonus completely depends upon the policies of the organization. The amount of the bonus depends upon the profitability of the organization.

Importance of giving Bonus

The reason of the payment of bonus is basically to bridge the gap between the ideal of a living wage and the wages paid. Bonus payments keep employees motivated throughout the year as they anticipate payment over and above their wages. Good bonus amount can lead to retention of talent and overall improvement of employee relationship within the organization as well.

In India the practice of paying bonus was first started during the World War 1 when few textile mills granted 10% of wages as the war bonus in 1917, under rule 81A of Defence of India Rules. On the 6th of December, 1960 the Government of India appointed a bonus commission which was later replaced by the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.

Examples of Bonus

For example 1, if an employee is working in an organization and has performed really good over the months. The organization wants to acknowledge the efforts of that employee , so they give him an amount in addition to his salary which is known as the bonus.

Example 2, If a worker is working in a plant, the production plant is running in good profits and it’s the Diwali time. They want to give their workers an additional amount along with the current wages to meet the upcoming extra expenses due to the festival which again is known as bonus.

Types of Bonus Components

1. Performance Bonus: This kind of bonus is given to employees based on their performance in a given period e.g. year or quarter

2. Festival Bonus: This type of bonus is linked to some occasion or festival in the local location of operations of the company e.g. New Year

3. Referral Bonus: If a company has a referral program, then on a successful referral the existing employee can be given bonus.

4. Joining Bonus: When a new employee joins a company, he or she can be offered a one time joining bonus

5. Retention Bonus: This bonus is given as a one time payment to retain the employee in the organization

6. Miscellaneous Bonus: This can be given on some special event e.g. on 25th anniversary of the company, every employee gets a smartphone

Bonus Types

Merits of Bonus

1. Bonus components keep the employees motivated.

2. It bridges the gap between the ideal of a living wage and the wages paid.

3. The gesture shows that the organization values and acknowledges good work.

Demerits of Bonus

1. Bonus adds to the extra cost incurred by the organization.

2. It decreases the profits.

3. It increases the expectation of the workers for bonus on every accomplishment.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Bonus along with its overview.

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