Advertising Definition, Importance, Advantages, Disadvantages, Types, Components & Overview

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Definition: Advertising

Advertising is the concept of communicating a message about goods and services to a customer. Advertising is done using various media like TV, print, radio, online, outdoor etc where advertisements are showcased showing the value to the customer. Advertising is one of the most critical components of marketing.

Importance of Advertising

Several companies are producing goods and products, which are critical for a customer to fulfil their needs. However, with tremendous competition and limited span of attention for a customer, it becomes difficult for a customer to know about a product or a service. Companies also have a limited & stagnated market share. Hence advertising plays an important role in communication the value proposition of a company’s offering to the customer. An advertisement clearly highlights the product/ service, its utility and also builds a connect with the customer. Advertising and marketing a brand enables to reach out, teach about the product and ensure that the customer is aware about the company. All these things can influence the buying behaviour of a customer, and can be driven by having a good marketing budget to cover the marketing costs.

These days companies have dedicated teams and managers who look after the advertising strategy of a company. The role of these employees is to have an advertising plan, allocate an advertising budget, create an advertising campaign and ensure that the ad reaches out to as many customers as possible. Apart from products and services, companies also promote themselves through institutional advertising, which helps build their name in the market. The ultimate objective is to increase sales revenue.

Components of Advertising

Advertising can be broadly broken down into four major components:

1. Advertising strategy- Focuses on the message, customer segment to be targeted, integrated marketing communication (IMC) channels and the budget

2. Advertising media- Choosing the most appropriate advertising channel, medium or media to reach out to the customers

3. Creative idea- This is the message or the visual which can be made to attract the customer

4. Creative execution- The final advertisement created based on the creative idea.

Advertising components

The above images shows the four major components of advertising.

Types of Advertising Media

Advertising is a massive exercise for any company. There are many options where ads can be showcases through an advertising medium. Companies often use all the media available to do a 360 degree branding. Some different types of advertising media used by companies are mentioned below:

1. TV- Television is one of the most developed ways to advertise. Advertising on TV is an effective way to reach to millions of people, as TVs have an extremely high penetration worldwide. The ad slots are given by broadcasting companies. Higher TRP and GRP programmes help reach out to  wider audience.

2. Radio- Radio channels offer ad slots to companies who can communicate their message to the customers.

3. Print- This type of media includes magazines, newspapers, brochures etc which can be used to advertise about the products and services offered by a company. This has been the most widely used advertising media till date.

4. Online- With the growth in internet penetration, companies often use digital media with online advertising to reach out to customer using social media, browsing websites etc. Online advertising also includes content marketing, blogging, viral marketing etc

5. Outdoor- Using hoardings, standees, OOH (out of home) media are covered under outdoor advertising. This enables companies to reach out to those who are not an home but are outside their homes or office during transit.

6. Mobile- Use of services like SMS and social media groups has also made mobile an effective tool for advertising

Advantages of Advertising

There are certain benefits of advertising. Some advantages of advertising are:

1. It helps marketers to reach out to make people by creating advertising awareness.

2. Advertising promotes the value and utility of the brand to customers

3. Good advertisements help build a strong community and induce brand loyalty

4. Companies who focus on advertising are also perceived as big brands, which pushes customers to believe that products and services are also good

5. Creative teams form advertising agencies give good inputs about a brand by creating more brand awareness.

6. Helps sales force, retailers, shop owners to promote the products in a much better way

7. Advertising helps build trust between customers, retailers, suppliers and manufacturers

Disadvantages of Advertising

Despite all the benefits, there are some critical disadvantages of advertising for a business:

1. Advertising means that the company has to do a lot of spending

2. Extremely time consuming process

3. Only advertising cannot help build a good business. Unless the product, services and customer service are good, advertising can only bring in customers but cannot retain them.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Advertising along with its overview.

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