Gross Salary - Meaning, Importance, Components & Example
Published by MBA Skool Team, Last Updated: February 15, 2021
What is Gross Salary?
Gross Salary is the sum total of all the components of your compensation/salary package. Gross salary is basically the salary which is without any deductions like income tax, PF, medial insurance etc. The gross salary is mentioned in the company's offer letter in the compensation or salary section which mainly enlist all the components of the pay package. The sum of all those individual components on a yearly or monthly basis is the gross salary.
In business, gross salary plays an important part for both, the company as well as the employee. Depending upon the job description, responsibilities, area of expertise, years of experience etc, companies define gross salaries for a particular role or job band. This enables companies to have a framework or structure as salaries is a cost to a company. For employees or job seeks, gross salary gives an industry benchmark for a particular job role or profile. Since total salary is a part of the compensation that an employee gets, it is very important.
From a CTC (Cost to company) perspective, gross salary is the PF (provident fund) and gratuity removed from the CTC. Hence, gross salary is a part of the compensation and benefits to the employee, and covers all components like basic salary, HRA, LTA, conveyance allowance, bonuses etc.
Components of Gross Salary
The important components include the following:
• Basic Salary- This component is the base salary which you get.
• HRA (House Rent Allowance)- This component is towards the house rent of any employee & helps in saving taxes
• Leave Travel Allowance- This part covers some travel costs of the employee & helps in tax exemption
• Conveyance Allowance- This covers the costs required to travel from home to work & back
• Retirals- Also referred as superannuation, these help as a pension for employee post-retirement
• Bonus- Performance or annual bonuses are also a part of the total income
• Others like Medical allowance, Provident Fund (PF) etc
These components of the salary structure would determine the Gross Salary. Net Salary on the other hand is total salary minus deductions like taxes, retirals etc, & therefore gross salary is greater than Net Salary. In some cases, some non-monetary components may also be included in the gross salary e.g. holiday trips etc.
Net Salary = Gross Salary – Deductions – INCOME TAX (TDS)
Also, Gross Salary >= Net Salary
Gross Salary Calculation Example
Sarah's monthly pay package may be:
Basic Salary: $1000
Conveyance Allowance: $200
Medical Allowance: $200
Hence, the Gross Salary in this case is sum of all the components: $3000
And the Net Salary would be total income without the retirals & taxes: $2800 - $300 – Income Tax- PPF.
Thus, the salary paid to the employee before any deductions is the gross salary.
Hence, this concludes the definition of Gross Salary along with its overview.
This article has been researched & authored by the Business Concepts Team. It has been reviewed & published by the MBA Skool Team. The content on MBA Skool has been created for educational & academic purpose only.
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