Job Rotation Definition, Importance, Advantages, Disadvantages, Example & Overview

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Definition: Job Rotation

Job Rotation is a management approach in which employees are shifted between two or more assignments or jobs in a planned manner so that the employee can be motivated as well as can learn and hone skills. This rotation is done at regular intervals of time. The objective behind job rotation is to expose them to all verticals and/or horizontals of an organization.

This is critical is identifying the opportunity areas for an employee and what are best fit areas of an employee. Also, from an employee perspective, job rotation shows the difficulties, time-taken, skills required etc to perform the other jobs as well. Hence an overall development of an employee takes place.

Importance of Job Rotation

Job rotation is one of the methods of identifying an effective job design for an employee. Job rotation gives an exposure to an employee across different verticals and domains of business operations. The employee is rotated across various job profiles, which shows the employees where they best fit. It also showcases the apt skills which an employee possesses and areas where training and development is required. 

Advantages of Job Rotation

Job rotation helps in testing the employee skills and competencies which in turn helps in placing him or her at the right place. Also it

1) Reduces the boredom and monotony of the job

2) Provides a wider experience to the employees across different functions

3) Helps to gain more insights about the skills with an employee

Disadvantages of Job Rotation

There are certain aspects of job rotation which also cause issues

1) There is lack of quality and stability because of job rotation

2) Employees are unable to perfect an particular skill and they become jack of all trades

Example of Job Rotation

When an employee works across different departments or job profiles after a specific time interval, it qualifies as job rotation. One real-life example of job rotation is that of doctors. Doctors in a hospital work across different departments and gives them exposure across various verticals of medicine. A doctor can work in different departments like maternity, pediatrics, geriatrics etc. This gives the doctor an opportunity to learn skills across verticals and shows their best fit.

Another example can be of IT industry in which an employee can work in various roles like being a developer, quality analyst, requirement analysis, solution design etc. This way the employee remains motivated and can learn various skills and can become a better resource and contribute and learn more.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Job Rotation along with its overview.

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