Posted in Human Resources Terms, Total Reads: 6224

Definition: Dismissal

Dismissal is the act of removing or terminating the job or employment of an employee. Dismissal is when a person working in a company is dismissed from his or her duties. Dismissal is sometimes also termed as firing or sacking of the employee. 

Importance of Dismissal

Job termination or dismissal is an important part of human resources management. People are employed with a company and have to abide by company policies, responsibilities and work culture. Sometimes people neglect the rules and regulations in an organization and have to be removed or dismissed. Dismissal is to sack or fire employees who cause a risk to the business or set a bad example for the other employees. Dismissal of employees are done if the are caught doing a fraud, neglect duty, leak confidential information behave inappropriately etc. Dismissal of wrong or bad employees is essential to maintain a good, safe, trustworthy and positive environment at workplace.


Types of Dismissal

Depending on the reason of termination, there are broadly two types of dismissals:

Fair dismissal & Unfair dismissal

1. Fair dismissal – Fair dismissal is when a company is fair or justified in removing an employee from the job. If the employee is proven on charges of theft, habitual negligence of duty, disorderly behaviour, bribery, incapability, financial regularities or subordination, then the job of the employee can be terminated. Since the company has valid reasons to remove the employee, it is referred as fair dismissal. Companies usually give dismissal with a notice period in a fair dismissal or can be an immediate termination as well.

2. Unfair dismissal – Unfair dismissal reasons includes maternity reasons, taking part in union activites, whistle-blowing, discrimination on grounds of age, gender, race, religion, nationality etc. It can also be due to economic reasons when an employee had to be laid-off. It is also called as unjustifiable dismissal. Since the reasons are unclear, it becomes unfair for the employee and hence referred as unfair dismissal.

Apart from these, dismissal can also be constructive dismissal.

Dismissal of employees is mainly to remove any employees who spoil the positive work culture or who have done any wrong doings.

Hence, this concludes the definition of Dismissal along with its overview.

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