Living wages are the least wage or salary that a worker requires to sustain his/her basic needs. Living wages is different from minimum wages, as minimum wages may be less than or more than the living wages in a country. Basic needs are food, clothing and shelter.
The logic is that the worker is able to afford a basic standard of living or is able to live with the wages provided for the work. Every country has the concept of living wages, each country has set a separate amount set as the living wages.
An employer is obligated to pay a minimum amount of wage otherwise the employer will have to face the consequences of not paying the minimum wages as mandated by the law.
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Living wages is very important to know how much wage needs to be paid so that a worker can fulfill their basic needs.
Ideally organizations should be paying at least the living wages to its workers , it would be good for the organization’s employee brand value and also help to show that the organization cares for its employees and not just see them as revenue generators.
Since the markets are competitive, organizations try to cut costs as much as possible and other than degrading working conditions organizations tend to pay below workers minimum wages. This results in workers being disgruntled and sometimes end up doing something that can harm the organization’s reputation. If it gets posted on social media, the bad reputation of the company spreads like wild fire for which the company will have to spend a lot of money to negate the bad reputation.
The basic components or elements which are covered as a part of living wages are as follows:
Minimum wages are different from living wages as minimum wages are the minimum amount that an organization has to pay to its employees otherwise they would be penalized as per the law. Living wages are not mandated by the law and is just an indicator for every country that it would take this much amount of money for workers to fulfill their basic needs.
According to Asia floor wages research for the year 2017 the living wage rate is 23588 rupees in India for a month which comes out to about 786 rupees per day for a person to afford the basic necessities and fulfill basic needs. The minimum wage rates according to the Chief Labour Commissioner (central) starts from 373 rupees per day for unskilled workers working above ground to rupees 728 for highly skilled workers working below ground. Clearly we can see that living wages are different from minimum wages and minimum wages are to be paid to the workers by law.
Hence, this concludes the definition of Living Wage along with its overview.
This article has been researched & authored by the Business Concepts Team. It has been reviewed & published by the MBA Skool Team. The content on MBA Skool has been created for educational & academic purpose only.
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